文章来源:网页教学网|2017六合杀手图b2017六合杀手图b发布时间:2019-12-10 15:33:41  【字号:      】


  This article is part of David Leonhardt’s newsletter. You can sign up here to receive it each weekday.

  “Impartiality is still a value worth defending in mainstream news coverage,” writes Margaret Sullivan, the Washington Post media critic. “But you don’t get there by walking down the center line with a blindfold on.”

  Her column is a cri de coeur against the media’s bias toward centrism. Too often, journalists confuse centrism with fairness, objectivity or common-sense truth. But centrism is none of those. It is a point of view, and it can be wrong, just as conservatism or liberalism can be.

  Centrists were wrong about the urgency of reducing the deficit over the past decade. They were wrong about the Iraq war in 2003, wrong about the economic might of Japan in the 1980s and wrong about the economic might of the Soviet Union before that.

  I’m obviously a fan — and a member — of the media. It’s vital to democracy and has performed admirably in the age of Trump. But I also believe in reflection and criticism. So Sullivan’s column inspired me to make a list of the biggest forms of media bias.

  I came up with six. Some overlap. Others conflict — because different pieces of journalism can make different mistakes. Here goes ...

  The list

  Centrist bias. In her column, Sullivan inveighs against the bias toward political centrism and notes that it often crowds out thought-provoking political views on both the left and right. She also calls out a related problem, bothsidesism: blaming the parties equally, even when they don't deserve equal blame.

  Brian Fallon, the Democratic strategist, recently had a pointed description of bothsidesism. He described it as a “a performative effort to triangulate so as to present the journalist as more deserving of the public’s trust than their elected leaders. It’s a political act, and shows just as much bias as picking a side.”

  Affluent bias. The media isn't just biased toward the center. It often confuses the center with views that are actually those of the affluent. My newsletter on Tuesday — about Howard Schultz — made the fuller version of the argument.

  Why does this bias exist? National journalists, the ones who often set the agenda, spend a fair amount of time around wealthy people, and national journalists themselves tend to be more affluent than most Americans. A classic example: At a 2008 Democratic primary debate, a then-anchor at ABC News anchor, Charlie Gibson, suggested that a middle class family in New Hampshire might make 0,000 a year. The audience laughed.

  Bias for the new. Journalists often confuse newness with importance. The problem lurks in the product’s name: “News.” Too often, we emphasize relatively trivial stories — like candidates taking verbal swipes at each other — over more important ones, like the candidates’ tax policy, as New York University’s Jay Rosen has argued. In the 2016 presidential debates, for instance, the moderators almost completely ignored climate change.

  The same biases that afflict society. From sexism in political reporting (“likability”) to racism in crime coverage (the “crack baby” stereotype), the media often suffers from the same biases that other Americans do. But we could certainly be doing more to fight back. Female and nonwhite voices remain underrepresented at major publications.

  Liberal bias. Yes, it’s real. Most mainstream journalists do lean left. Political reporters and Washington reporters are usually professional enough to keep these views from affecting their coverage. Instead, they’re more likely to suffer from bothsidesism, even when a both-sides story isn’t the most accurate one. The coverage of Hillary Clinton’s emails, to take one example, certainly didn’t suffer from liberal bias.

  But on issue-based coverage, liberal bias exists. Education reform — the media’s frequent hostility toward charter schools — is one example. My colleague Ross Douthat makes his case about liberal bias on this week’s episode of “The Argument” podcast. As you will hear, I partly agreed with him and partly pushed back. Michelle Goldberg disagreed with him more fully. It was a good debate.

  Conservative bias. It’s real, too. Fox News and talk radio are huge, influential parts of the media. They skew hard right, and they often present their readers with misleading or outright false information, be it “birtherism” or conspiracy theories.

  Much of the media — local and national, news reporters and opinion columnists — tries hard to tell stories accurately and corrects itself when it errs. Fox and a lot of talk radio do not. And I’ll take a fallible, self-reflective media, even with all of the biases I’ve listed here, over a media that is more akin to propaganda.

  What did I miss or get wrong here? “The Argument” is inviting listeners to leave their own media criticisms, via voice mail, at (347) 915-4324, and we may play some of the answers on a future episode.

  If you are not a subscriber to this newsletter, you can subscribe here. You can also join me on Twitter (@DLeonhardt) and Facebook.

  Follow The New York Times Opinion section on Facebook, Twitter (@NYTopinion) and Instagram.



  2017六合杀手图b【顾】【衍】【难】【得】【没】【有】【吃】【味】,【揉】【了】【揉】【她】【的】【头】【发】,【宠】【溺】【地】【说】【道】:“【你】【也】【很】【厉】【害】。” 【据】【他】【所】【知】,【陆】【菀】【之】【在】【她】【那】【个】【专】【业】【一】【直】【是】【佼】【佼】【者】,【她】【志】【向】【远】【大】,【未】【来】【还】【想】【为】【医】【学】【事】【业】【做】【出】【贡】【献】。【所】【以】,【顾】【衍】【在】【建】【那】【座】【庄】【园】【时】,【特】【意】【为】【她】【修】【了】【一】【个】【实】【验】【室】。 【陆】【菀】【之】【眉】【眼】【一】【弯】,【笑】【道】:“【二】【哥】,【我】【发】【现】【你】【现】【在】【嘴】【巴】【越】【来】【越】【甜】【了】【嘛】!” 【顾】【衍】【身】

  【此】【时】【天】【色】【几】【乎】【已】【经】【黑】【得】【伸】【手】【不】【见】【五】【指】,【不】【远】【处】【长】【生】【与】【曲】【青】【桐】【始】【终】【跟】【着】【追】【踪】【蝶】,【于】【不】【远】【处】【尾】【随】【着】【韩】【月】【昙】【和】【紫】【瑞】【狐】【犹】。 【脚】【下】【的】【路】【越】【走】【越】【黑】,【紫】【瑞】【狐】【犹】【拿】【出】【了】【火】【折】【子】,【两】【人】【一】【直】【沉】【默】【着】【并】【肩】【而】【行】,【一】【路】【上】【倒】【也】【没】【遇】【上】【什】【么】【凶】【兽】,【想】【来】【是】【因】【为】【之】【前】【这】【里】【有】【真】【言】【树】【灵】【镇】【守】,【山】【里】【的】【活】【物】【都】【会】【避】【开】【此】【地】。 【两】【人】【面】【上】【虽】【平】【静】,【可】


  【周】【兰】【想】【起】【奶】【奶】【说】【那】【些】【话】【的】【情】【景】,【顿】【时】【也】【觉】【得】【有】【些】【奇】【怪】。 【她】【也】【皱】【了】【皱】【眉】,【问】【道】:“【你】【说】,【我】【奶】【奶】【当】【初】【从】【季】【家】【离】【开】【的】【时】【候】,【拿】【走】【一】【大】【笔】【钱】,【那】【笔】【钱】【是】【什】【么】【意】【思】?【你】【们】【季】【家】【给】【的】【遣】【散】【费】,【还】【是】【别】【的】【什】【么】【钱】?” 【周】【兰】【细】【细】【想】【了】【想】,【也】【觉】【得】【事】【情】【不】【对】【劲】。 【她】【家】【是】【村】【子】【上】【出】【了】【名】【的】【穷】,【家】【里】【连】【五】【万】【块】【都】【拿】【不】【出】【来】,【更】【别】【说】

  【燕】【雨】【说】【到】【此】【处】【故】【意】【顿】【住】【了】【坏】【笑】【着】【盯】【着】【脸】【色】【铁】【青】【的】【凌】【汛】【看】,【凌】【汛】【则】【暗】【戳】【戳】【回】【眸】【盯】【着】【面】【无】【表】【情】【的】【凌】【政】【看】,【凌】【政】【接】【收】【到】【凌】【汛】【不】【怀】【好】【意】【的】【眼】【神】【悄】【悄】【转】【眸】【看】【了】【天】【邪】【一】【眼】,【天】【邪】【无】【奈】【叹】【了】【口】【气】【装】【模】【作】【样】【的】【问】“【睿】【王】【妃】,【老】【臣】【甚】【是】【好】【奇】【你】【方】【才】【明】【明】【在】【分】【析】【幻】【族】【的】【大】【巫】【师】【阡】【陌】【是】【否】【平】【肩】【王】【刘】【昊】【其】【中】【一】【个】【假】【身】【份】!【何】【故】【说】【着】【说】【着】【又】【绕】【到】【了】【人】【鱼】2017六合杀手图b【其】【中】【一】【个】【说】:“【没】【关】【系】【哥】,【俺】【几】【个】【不】【会】【伤】【你】,【就】【是】【想】【让】【你】【跟】【我】【们】【走】【一】【趟】,【大】【哥】【想】【见】【你】。” 【我】【说】:“【想】【见】【我】【给】【个】【电】【话】【就】【行】【了】,【非】【要】【这】【样】【吗】?” “【时】【间】【有】【点】【急】,【大】【哥】【怕】【耽】【搁】【时】【间】……” 【看】【他】【们】【没】【有】【动】【粗】,【我】【也】【没】【有】【喊】,【其】【实】【喊】【了】【也】【没】【用】,【周】【围】【也】【没】【有】【人】。【他】【们】【把】【我】【连】【拉】【带】【拽】【塞】【进】【停】【在】【河】【堤】【上】【的】【车】【里】,【一】【路】【谁】【也】【不】【说】【话】,

  “【师】【傅】,【这】【次】【叫】【弟】【子】【回】【来】,【是】【有】【什】【么】【事】【要】【吩】【咐】【吗】?”【碧】【游】【宫】【内】,【王】【浩】【跪】【在】【通】【天】【教】【主】【面】【前】,【恭】【敬】【的】【问】【道】。 “【你】【先】【起】【来】【说】【话】!”【通】【天】【教】【主】【抬】【了】【抬】【手】,【让】【王】【浩】【起】【身】【说】【话】。 【王】【浩】【闻】【言】,【从】【地】【上】【站】【了】【起】【来】【说】【道】:“【师】【傅】,【不】【知】【师】【傅】【找】【弟】【子】,【所】【为】【何】【事】?” “【徒】【儿】,【这】【次】【叫】【你】【回】【来】,【是】【要】【告】【诉】【你】,【接】【下】【来】【的】【重】【任】。”【通】【天】


  【黄】【慧】【听】【到】【陈】【汉】【升】【自】【爆】“【秘】【闻】”,【脸】【上】【的】【表】【情】【直】【接】【僵】【住】【了】,【不】【过】【在】【陈】【汉】【升】【的】【炯】【炯】【注】【视】【下】,【她】【居】【然】【忍】【了】【下】【来】,【勉】【强】【笑】【了】【两】【声】:“【没】【事】,【旧】【的】【不】【去】,【新】【的】【不】【来】。” 【其】【实】,【她】【以】【前】【在】【金】【捷】【上】【班】【最】【舒】【服】,【工】【资】【稳】【定】【还】【有】【宿】【舍】,【领】【导】【重】【视】【还】【有】【培】【养】【机】【会】。 【有】【些】【大】【学】【生】【找】【工】【作】,【永】【远】【觉】【得】【下】【一】【份】【工】【作】【是】【最】【合】【适】【自】【己】【的】,【也】【有】【人】【恰】

  【就】【在】【张】【乾】【走】【下】【比】【武】【台】【的】【时】【候】,【一】【群】【秀】【丽】【女】【子】【纷】【纷】【走】【到】【他】【的】【身】【前】,【恭】【贺】【道】:“【恭】【喜】【张】【师】【弟】,【成】【功】【入】【围】。” “【多】【谢】【众】【位】【师】【姐】,【不】【知】【道】【其】【她】【师】【姐】【如】【何】【了】!”【张】【乾】【笑】【道】。 “【既】【然】【小】【师】【弟】【比】【试】【完】【成】【了】,【不】【如】【我】【们】【去】【其】【它】【比】【武】【台】【看】【看】【吧】!”【一】【名】【女】【子】【提】【议】【道】。 “【好】【啊】!【好】【啊】!” 【随】【后】,【张】【乾】【在】【众】【人】【的】【簇】【拥】【下】,【前】【往】【了】